How to be SunSmart

By following five simple sun protection steps, you can reduce your risk of skin cancer.

1. Slip on Protective Clothing
Look for:
– Clothing that covers as much skin as possible
– Materials that have a close weave for higher UV protection
– Darker clothes which absorb more UV radiation
– Cotton, polyester and linen materials – lightweight and cool to wear
– Materials that maintain their sun protection when wet, such as lycra
2. Slop on SPF 30+ Sunscreen
Sunscreen should not be relied on as the only form of sun protection.
No sunscreen provides 100% UV protection – remember to use in combination with protective clothing, hats & sunglasses.
Look for a sunscreen that:
– Has a protection factor (SPF) of 30+
– Labelled ‘broad spectrum’ – this will filter both UVA and UVB radiation
– Is water resistant – less likely to be washed off by water activities
– Has a valid expiry date
– Apply sunscreen 20 minutes before going outdoors
– Apply a thick layer of sunscreen
– Reapply every 2 hours, or more often if in water
– Remember your lips
3. Slap on a hat
Slap on a hat that provides as much shade as possible to your face, head, neck, ears and eyes.
There are three main styles of hats that provide adequate sun protection:
– Broad brimmed hats – with a brim of at least 7.5cm
– Bucket or ‘surfie-style’ hats – with a deep crown and brim of at least 6cm
– Legionnaire hats which has a flap that covers the neck
4. Seek shade
Staying in the shade is one of the most effective ways to reduce sun exposure, but remember that other sun protection measures (clothing, hats, sunglasses and sunscreen) should also be used to avoid reflected UV radiation. Whatever you use for shade, be it trees, built shade structures or some form of portable shade, make sure it casts a dark shadow.
5. Slide on some sunglasses
Sunglasses can protect your eyes against UV radiation.
When choosing sunglasses, look for:
– Frames that fir close to the face
– Wrap around styles that reduce UV entering from the sides
– Sunglasses that meet Australian standards
– Sunglasses that have an eye protection factor (EPF) of 10

To learn more visit the Cancer Foundation website at